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Hartland Consolidated Schools


Alphabet
Knowledge
Print Awareness Phonological Awareness Language
  • recognizes and names letters of the alphabet
  • recognizes his or her name
  • recognizes some commonly used words like; mom, dad and McDonald's
  • knows the sounds of the letters
  • Likes to be read to
  • knows how to open a book
  • knows where to start reading on a page
  • understands what is read aloud to him/her
  • "reads" to me using pictures/story
  • can follow along by pointing to the words
  • understands what a word/letter is
  • can recognize a rhyme
  • can create a rhyming word
  • can blend the sounds in simple words (c -at = cat)
  • Speaking, listening and thinking are all important at this stage of development.
  • problem solving using their words
  • following directions
Activities Activities Activities Activities
  • magnetic letters on the refrigerator is a great way to practice letters while you are busy in the kitchen. "Find the letter m."  "Spell cat".  Give your child one sound at a time as they spell.
  • Play "I Spy":  "I spy a fruit that starts with a b." "I spy something in the room that starts with a t."
  • Place with license plates when you are in the car.  "Who can spot the first license plate with a letter p."
  • Read the cereal box:  "find all the words on the box that start with m."
  • Have your child help with the grocery list.  "What is the first sound in milk, butter, lemons."
  • Have your child use alphabet-shaped food (pasta) to make his/her name and favorite words.
  • make letters out of clay or pretzel dough...bake
  • read daily with your child
  • make it a warm and snuggly time
  • let your child tell the story using the pictures
  • predictable books that can by memorized are great for early reading.  Allow your child to read them to you.
  • Have your child retell favorite stories after you have read them.
  • encourage your child to write...writing on sidewalks, paper, chalkboards with pudding, icing, whipped cream, finger paints
  • make lists, signs, labels, notes
  • early writing can be scribbles, a single letter, strings of letters, and words without vowels...all are acceptable as children develop through the stages
  • model writing for your child (making grocery lists, paying bills, etc.)
  • Play rhyming games: "Can you make a word that rhymes with hat?"
  • Using a cookie sheet filled with salt, have children sound out simple words while writing them in the salt. Substitute the salt with shaving cream, or instant pudding for even more fun.
  • Use the magnetic letters to create rhyming words.  Start with several _at.  Let your child find the letters to fill in the blanks.
  • sing nursery rhymes
  • having conversations with your child will build vocabulary.
  • Have your child describe an object to you using descriptive terms.
  • talk about books you've read
  • use words to label objects around the house
  • act out the sequence of a favorite book. 
  • create a message board in your house...leave simple messages for your child.  They can also leave you messages on the board.
  • pretend play will also build vocabulary.
  • making puppets out of lunch bags or paper plates make great props for story telling.
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